What is chest tomosynthesis

Contemporary tomosynthesis devices use a conventional x-ray tube, a digital detector, a custom designed device to move the x-ray tube, and appropriate reconstruction algorithms.

Digital Tomosynthesis

While there are numerous strategies for reducing radiation dose from CT 22CT remains an increasing source of population radiation exposure One is 3-dimensional, the other is flat. A variety of tomosynthesis implementations have been reported over the years, including work by Edholm 38Ghosh Roy 39Maravilla 40Chakraborty 41Webber 4243Kolitsi 44Wu 45and our own laboratory 46 - Although nodules are very often seen retrospectively when reviewing previous images of patients with known lung nodules 10identifying them prospectively is a difficult task.

Create File Eur J Radiol. It takes multiple X-ray pictures of each breast from many angles. Mammograms take only one picture, across the entire breast, in two directions: Digital tomosynthesis of the breast is different from a standard mammogram in the same way a CT scan of the chest is different from a standard chest X-ray.

Because the image processing is digital, a series of slices at different depths and with different thicknesses can be reconstructed from the same acquisition.

Thus, a tomographic method that improves upon chest radiography, but without the cost or radiation dose of CT, could be useful for enhancing the detection of pulmonary nodules in routine practice.

New image processing techniques, advanced applications such as energy and temporal subtraction radiography 34digital tomosynthesis 5 - 7and computer-assisted detection and diagnosis 89 promise to substantially improve on the performance of conventional chest radiography 1.

Two commercial devices are currently on the market for chest imaging. Although originally conceived of many decades ago, tomosynthesis has only recently become practical for clinical use. However, dual-energy imaging is limited in that it does not reduce visual clutter from overlying soft-tissue structures such as vessels.

History[ edit ] The concept of tomosynthesis was derived from the work of Ziedses des Plantes, who developed methods of reconstructing an arbitrary number of planes from a set of projections. Or think of the difference between a ball and a circle.

Please expand the section to include this information. A review article published from our laboratory in describes in greater detail the history, mathematics, and reconstruction methodologies of tomosynthesis imaging The breast is pulled away from the body, compressed, and held between two glass plates to ensure that the whole breast is viewed.

Was this article helpful? Because it is relatively new, it is available at a limited number of hospitals. Of all diagnostic imaging studies, chest radiography presents some of the most difficult challenges.


It is frequently the first and may be the only imaging test performed in patients with known or suspected lung disease.Digital tomosynthesis is a radiographic technique that can produce an arbitrary number of section images of a patient from a single pass of the X-ray tube. It utilizes a conventional X-ray tube, a flat-panel detector, a computer-controlled tube mover, and special reconstruction algorithms to produce section images.

Digital tomosynthesis of the breast is different from a standard mammogram in the same way a CT scan of the chest is different from a standard chest X-ray. Or think of the difference between a ball and a circle.

Tomosynthesis, also digital tomosynthesis (DTS), is a method for performing high-resolution limited-angle tomography at radiation dose levels comparable with projectional killarney10mile.com has been studied for a variety of clinical applications, including vascular imaging, dental imaging, orthopedic imaging, mammographic imaging.

Chest tomosynthesis can accurately detect pulmonary nodule growth, according to a new study in Academic Radiology, but clinicians must be aware of certain factors that may influence its accuracy.

Chest Tomosynthesis: Technical Principles and Clinical Update

“The present study indicates that chest tomosynthesis can be used to detect pulmonary nodule growth. Digital tomosynthesis is a relatively novel imaging modality using limited angle tomography to provide 3D imaging.

Chest tomosynthesis: technical principles and clinical update.

The purpose of this review is to compare the sensitivity of digital tomosynthesis of the chest and plain film chest imaging in accurately identifying pulmonary nodules and to compare the effective dose between standard. Introduction. Digital tomosynthesis is a newly available imaging modality that offers the potential to be a substantial improvement over conventional chest radiography for the detection of subtle lung disease.

What is chest tomosynthesis
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