If we look at Chinese naturalisations in New South Wales each year from the late s, when the first one took place, towhen Chinese naturalisation was prohibited for the second time, we can see a gap during the s when it was prohibited the first time, and a very obvious peak in the early s.
In New Zealand, Chinese were naturalised until ; and it was stopped after the NZ Cabinet decided in February to decline naturalisation applications of Chinese from them on. It was then further contingent on bureaucratic and legal interpretations of the law. We can also see inconsistencies and ambiguities in the law and in the ways it was administered and applied.
Applicants for naturalisation in New South Wales were asked to state a reason why they sought naturalisation, and most Chinese stated that it was because they wanted to purchase land, or because they had settled in the colony, or something similar.
The federal Naturalisation Act of similarly prohibited Chinese naturalisation. At the borders So, to return to the Ah Ket children briefly. In this paper then I want to think about the legacies of this earlier history of colonial naturalisation in the lives of Chinese settlers and their families in the s and after Federation, particularly concerning mobility and residency rights.
Laws varied slightly across the seven colonies, but they generally had tonnage restrictions and some a poll tax to limit the number of Chinese migrants. Between then andthere was no restrictive legislation against Chinese immigration — except in Queensland, which introduced a Chinese Immigration Restriction Act in Select the specific library, location or repository from the list of results.
He was a storekeeper and had been naturalised inreturning to China to visit a few years later. Results will be limited to 20 items maximum and to items added in the last week.
Three other colonies Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia stopped naturalising Chinese afterwhile Tasmania and Queensland continued until the federal Naturalization Act came into force in Abstract In the Australian colonies came together to implement uniform laws to restrict Chinese immigration, leading eventually to the enactment of the Immigration Restriction Act after Federation in He was also a husband and father to two daughters and two sons.
The highest point on that peak is inwhen there were naturalisations of Chinese, making up almost a third of the total for the colony. Trove labels prominently the library that holds a thesis, but not the institution that it was produced at.
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In this paper I consider the legacies of colonial naturalisation in the lives of Chinese migrants and their families in the s and after Federation, particularly concerning mobility and residency rights. Fourteen-year-old Matilda, together with her three younger siblings aged thirteen, ten and eight, were travelling to the small town of Gerogery, north of Albury, to visit their married sister Rose.
Sophie spoke about the disconnect between World War I enlistment regulations and practice in relation to Chinese Australians, while Emma spoke about press reports of marital denaturalisation in Australian newspapers from the s to s.
Another aspect of searching by institution to keep in mind is whether or not a research repository has its own National Union Catalogue NUC code. He appeared before the High Court, represented Australian Chinese at the opening of the first Chinese parliament in Peking inand was Acting Consul for China in Australia in — and It is important to realise when you do an institution search, you are not searching research produced by an institution, you are searching research held at an institution.
Other evidence in the archives also shows that Chinese actively used naturalisation to faciliate mobility, for themselves and for their families. I want now to turn to some of the individual cases of naturalised Chinese and their families — to consider the ways they used their status as British subjects to negotiate anti-Chinese immigration laws, and also to consider the ambiguous nature of the interpretation and application of those laws.
Perform your search in Trove as usual. You can limit searches to particular holding institutions via the advanced search screen.
The advanced search in Trove will allow you to enter keywords, title, creator and subject terms. On arriving by train at Albury, however, the Ah Ket children were prevented from crossing the border by the Sub-Collector of Customs. Scroll down to the bottom of the results.In most cases purchased theses will be added to the Library collection.
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Purchase costs may be AUD$ - $ As a consequence finding a thesis between and the end of may require a search of both the Sydney eScholarship repository and the Library catalogue.
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